7 Most Important Benefits of Sports and Physical Activities

Benefits of sports and physical activities to your health are numerous. Many already knew some of these benefits o but fail to engage themselves in most of this sporting and physical activities. Participating in sports is one of the best and enjoyable activities to many around the globe. While some are limited to some sports activities, many find it had to enjoy participating in sports.

This article is aimed at enlightening you on the benefits of sports, and physical activities to the human health. We also look at the mental benefits of sports, benefits of sports for students, benefits of sports essay, social benefits of sports, emotional benefits of sports, how does sports help students academically, physical benefits of sports, health benefits of sports for youth, emotional benefits of sports, benefits of sports for kids, What are the benefits of sports, Why sports are good for your health, What is the healthiest sport in the world, How does sport keep you fit and healthy, what are the benefits of playing sports, sports is good for health essay, social benefits of youth sports, how do sports keep you healthy, benefits of sports for students essay, benefits of exercise essay, importance of physical activity essay, social benefits of physical activity, benefits of physical activity, facts about exercise benefits, mental benefits of exercise, benefits of health, emotional benefits of physical activity, benefits of physical activity for kids,  We will enumerate on this benefit and how you can make maximum use of this great tools that most people find it difficult to engage in its usage.

Benefits of Football

DEFINITION OF SPORT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

Let’s start things off here by defining physical activities and sport. Physical activity simply means the movement of the body that makes use of energy. Walking, gardening, briskly pushing a baby stroller, climbing the stairs, playing soccer, or dancing the night away are all good examples of being active. For health benefits, physical activity should be moderate or vigorous intensity.

Sport includes all forms of competitive physical activity or games which, through casual or organized participation, aim to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing enjoyment to participants, and in some cases, entertainment for spectators

As can be seen from the above definition both sport and physical activities are similar in the benefit they offer our body(health wise) which we will enumerate in a bit here. But sport is when you have to put these physical activities in a surd of competition which in some case could have some monetary rewards, in this article we will concern ourselves with just the benefit these activities do our body health wise.

The benefits of sport and physical activities to our health are so numerous and can not be overemphasized as it cut across almost all part of our body from the brain, bones, heart to even our mental mind and thinking ability.  So if you are having some problem in these areas and more this article is for you, so I implore you to continue reading…….

A Lady Running on a Treadmill

SOME COMMON SPORTING AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITIES

Basically, physical activities do not just mean work out sections in the gym but as defined above it also include activities like walking, running, stretching, jumping, and climbing etc. most of which we could evening do in the comfort of our homes, workplace, and even offices for those of us who have tight schedules . Some of the sporting and physical activities include the following;

Moderate-Intensity Sport and Physical Activity

Moderate-intensity sport and physical activity cause a little rise in breathing and heart rate. But still, enable talking but not singing during the activity. You could also be perspiring. Examples include:

  • A brisk walk (5 km/hr)
  • Playing doubles tennis
  • Line-dance
  • Leisure swimming
  • Leisure cycling (<16 km/hr)
  • Golfing
  • Bushwalking
Group of Friends Running

Vigorous-intensity sport and physical  activity

Vigorous-intensity sport and physical activity cause a great rise in your rate of heartbeat. You will be breathing hard and fast and therefore finding it difficult to have a conversation with someone.
Examples of vigorous-intensity sport and physical activity include:

  • Jogging or running
  • Swimming continuous laps
  • Playing singles tennis
  • Rollerblading at a fast pace
  • Playing basketball or football
  • Skipping with a rope
  • Cycling
  • Sprinting
  • Aerobics, fitness or gym activities

Lets elaborate a little on some of this activities to draw home a clearer understanding

  • Jogging – Running steadily with a gentle pace. This form of physical activity is great for maintaining weight.
  • Elliptical training – This is a stationary exercise machine used for performing a walk or a run without causing too much stress to the joints. This form of physical activity is perfect for people have an achy hip, ankles, and knees.
  • Walking – Moving at an almost regular motion for a short, medium or long distance.
  • Treadmill training – Many treadmills have set up programs that offer many different workout plans. One of the very useful cardiovascular activity would be to alternate between running and walking. Mostly we start with warming up by walking and then alternate between walking and running. For example, switching between walking for three minutes and running for three minutes.
  • Swimming – Using the hands and legs to keep oneself floating and moving either forwards or backward. This is really a good full body physical exercise for those who want to strengthen their core while enhancing their cardiovascular endurance also.
  • Cycling – Riding a bicycle normally involves going a longer distance than walking or jogging. This is another low-stress physical activity on the joints and is great for elevating leg strength.
  • Sprinting -This usually involves running through a short distance as fast as possible
High School Student Playing Basketball

Seven Most Important Benefits of Sports and Physical Activities

Overall Physical Fitness

Physical fitness can be defined as the body’s ability to perform particular tasks or activities for a period of time without experiencing undue physical stress or fatigue. Physical fitness takes various forms, including cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular endurance, muscular strength, flexibility, and agility. Maintaining an elevated level of physical fitness is very important no matter your age, and it can be modified based on your body’s needs.

The health benefits of physical fitness give vary based on the activities you perform, but no matter which activities you choose, your body always benefits.

  • Bone health can be improved upon by strength training
  • Brain health can be adjusted and boosted by both strength and cardio training
  • Lower blood pressure can be obtained through cardio training
  • Strength training lowers bad (LDL) cholesterol and cardio training raises good (HDL) cholesterol
  • Weight loss can be tackled by combining cardio and strength training

Prevention of Cancer

Engaging in physical activities is very helpful in preventing or reducing the risk of most life-threatening disease we most commonly face and spend our money treating preventing them. cancer is one of these diseases that you can tackle with a few minutes of your time you spend engaging in some physical activities.  Centers for disease control and prevention gives lifestyle guidelines for upholding a balanced diet and engaging in physical activity to lower the risk of disease. The WCRF/ American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR) published a list of recommendations that show evidence they have found through consistency in fitness and dietary factors that directly relate to cancer prevention.

The WCRF/AICR recommendations include the following:

  • Be as lean as you are capable of being without becoming underweight.
  • Each week, adults should be engaged in not less than 150 minutes of moderate intensity physical activity or 75 minutes of active intensity physical activity should be engaged in not less than one hour of moderate or active physical activity each week.
  • Be physically active for at least thirty minutes every day.

These recommendations are also wholly supported by the American Cancer Society. The guidelines have been closely concerned and individuals that follow these guidelines mostly scores substantially reduce cancer risk in adding to help towards control with a multitude of other chronic diseases. Regular physical activity is one of the tools that help reduce an individual’s blood pressure and elevates cholesterol levels, these two key components which help correlate with heart disease and Type 2 Diabetes. The American Cancer Society encourages the public to choose to live a physically active lifestyle by meeting the criteria of involving in physical activities such as hiking, swimming, circuit training, resistance training, lifting, and a lot more. It is understood that cancer is not a disease that can be cured by physical fitness only, but since it is a multifactorial disease, physical fitness is a controllable prevention. These great associations tied with being physically fit and reduced cancer risk are enough to grant a way to reduce cancer risk. The American Cancer Society assigned different levels of activity ranging from moderate to active to clearly show the recommended time spent on a physical activity. These classifications of physical activity put into consideration the intentional exercise and basic activities that are done on a daily basis and give the public a greater picture of what fitness levels offers as future disease prevention.

Menopause

Menopause is often said to have happened when a woman has had no vaginal bleeding for over a year since her last menstrual cycle. There are a number of symptoms associated with menopause, most of which can affect the level of worth a life of a woman involved in this stage of her life is. One way to reduce the severeness of these symptoms is to exercise and keep a healthy level of fitness. Before and during menopause, as the female body is changing, the will always be a physical, physiological or internal change to the body. These changes can be slow down or even prevented with regular exercise. These changes include:

  • Weight gain prevention: prior to menopause women tend to experience a muscle mass reduction and an increased fat level. Elevating the amount of physical exercise undertaken can help to stop these changes.
  • Reduction of the risk of breast cancer: weight loss due to regular exercise will help to prevent breast cancer.
  • Strengthen the bones: physical activity can reduce bone loss in connection with menopause, lowering the chances of bone fractures and osteoporosis.
  • Reduction in the rate of risk of disease: excessive weight can elevate the risk of heart disease and type 2 diabetes, and periodic physical activity can oppose these effects.
  • Boosting mood: being involved in periodic physical activities can improve psychological health, an after act that can be seen at any age and not just during or after menopause.

Mental health

Mental health includes our psychological, emotional, and social well-being. It has an effect on how we feel, thinks, and act. It also contributes to how we handle issues like stress, relate to others, and make choices. Mental health of great essences in every life stage ranging from childhood and adolescence even through adulthood. Over the course of our lives, if you are faced with mental health problems, your thinking, mood, and behavior could be seriously affected.

Studies have it that physical activity can enhance mental health and well-being in general. This improvement is base on the fact that physical activities cause an increase in blood flow to the brain and the segregation of hormones. Being physically fit and regular work out session on a consistent and constant basis can positively boost one’s mental health and bring about several other benefits, which include the following.

  • Physical activity has been linked to the reduction in depression and anxiety symptoms.
  • In patients suffering from schizophrenia, physical fitness has been proven to improve their standard of life and reduces the effects of schizophrenia.
  • Being fit can enhance one’s self-esteem.
  • regular work out session can improve one’s mental alertness and it can decrease fatigue.
  • Studies have shown that a reduction in stress levels can be improved with a regular work out session and all around physical activities.
  • Increase chances for social interaction, allowing for enhanced social skills

Controlling Blood Pressure

Doctor measuring blood pressure

Blood pressure is the pressure of the blood on the walls of arteries as the heart is pumping the blood around the body. It is a crucial part of how the heart works and does blood circulation work. The blood pressure typically fluctuates up and down all the time, adjusting to all the needs of heart depending on what function the body is performing at a particular time. High blood pressure is that occurrence where your blood pressure is persistently higher than usual. A blood pressure reading of under 120/80mmHg is considered favorable. Readings of over 120/80mmHg and up to 139/89mmHg are said to be in the normal to a high normal range. Blood pressure that is high for a long period of time is one of the main risk factors for heart disease. Age increases the chances of having persistently high blood pressure over time.

Sports and Physical fitness has shown a positive result on the effect it has on the body’s blood pressure because staying active and regular physical activities build up a stronger heart. The heart is the major organ in control of systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure. Engaging in a physical activity will raise the blood pressure but once the subject stops this activity, the blood pressure tends to returns to normal. The more physical activity that one involves self in, the easier this whole process becomes, increasing the individuals’ fitness. Through regular physical fitness program, the heart does not need to work so hard to create a rise in blood pressure, which reduces the force on the arteries, and lowers the overall blood pressure.

Immune System

Sports and Physical activity improves and promotes the immune system. This really relies on the number of endogenous factors (such as sex hormones, metabolic hormones and growth hormones), body temperature, blood flow, hydration status, and body position. Physical activity has shown to elevate the levels of natural killer (NK) cells, NK T cells, macrophages, neutrophils and eosinophils, complements, cytokines, antibodies, and T cytotoxic cells. However, the mechanism linking physical activity to the immune system is not fully understood.

Inflammation

Inflammation is a crucial part of our body’s immune response. It is the body attempting to heal itself after sustaining an injury and also defending itself against foreign bodies, such as bacteria and viruses; and repairing damaged tissue.

Without inflammation, wounds take a very long time to heal and infections could become so deadly. Inflammation could also cause problems though, and it plays a role in some chronic diseases. Inflammation is often characterized by redness, swelling, warmth, and sometimes pain and some immobility. When the toe is the stub, for example, biochemical processes release proteins called cytokines as “emergency signals” that bring in the body’s immune cells, hormones and nutrients to fix the problem, according to Dr. Scott Walker, a family practice physician at Gunnison Valley Hospital in Utah.

Studies have it that the is an association between increased physical activity and reduced inflammation. It creates both a short-term inflammatory response and a long-term anti-inflammatory effect. Physical activity decreases the action of inflammation in conjunction with or independent of changes in body weight. However, the mechanisms that connect physical activity to inflammation are unknown. It is therefore advisable to participate in

Weight control

Weight loss, in the context of medicine, health, or physical fitness, can be thought of as a reduction of the total body mass, as a result of a mean lost of fluid, body fat or adipose tissue or lean mass, mostly bone mineral deposits, muscle, tendon, and other connective tissue. Weight loss can either occur unintentionally as a result of malnutrition or an underlying disease or comes from a conscious effort to enhance an actual or perceived overweight or obese state. “Unexplained” weight loss that is not in connection with a reduction in calorific intake or exercise is called cachexia and may be a symptom of a serious medical illness. Intentional weight loss is commonly known as slimming. Achieving resilience through physical fitness promotes a vast and complex range of health-related benefits. Individuals who are physically fit generally regulate their distribution of body fat and stay away from obesity. Abdominal fat, specifically visceral fat, is most directly tackle by engaging in a regular sport and physical activities. Strength program has been known to elevate the amount of muscle in the body, however, it also decreases body fat. Sex steroid hormones, insulin, and the right amount of immune response are factors that relate metabolism in relation to the abdominal fat. Therefore, physical fitness provides weight control by controlling these bodily functions.

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