Mesothelioma Treatments Centers in Canada | Mesothelioma & Asbestos in Canada
Mesothelioma is a ferocious disease. It is an aggressive form of cancer resulting from the inhaling of asbestos fibers and it tends to develop in the lining around the lungs. Most of the symptoms experienced by the patient include painful coughing, shortness of breath, and severe weight loss. Statistics have shown that around 60 percent of all those diagnosed with the disease die within a year of diagnosis.
During the last century, Canada has been the largest producer of asbestos. In 2012, there were 560 new cases recorded. According to the StatsCan website, deaths skyrocketed from 292 to 467 deaths. That is a 60 percent jump in asbestos-related death. Even with this jump, Canada had still not banned the use of asbestos for some reasons even though the rest of the western world had banned the importation and exportation of asbestos. This page provides information on the best and top Mesothelioma cancer facilities in Canada.
The Long Road
It has been two decades, but the rate of mesothelioma cases in Canada has been shown to be the highest in the world. Canada’s extravagant determination in mining chrysotile asbestos along with the permit of the use of thousands of products have exposed citizens to the toxic substance.
During the 1970’s doctors declared the mining towns in Canada were the most dangerous town in the world and this is because the rate of mesothelioma continued to increase.
Mesothelioma has a latency period of 20-50 years, and it took so long to admit asbestos was a hazard, the death rate increased over the next decade. The incidence of mesothelioma tends to increase with age thus the symptom of this disease is not very common for people under 50.
Professions Impacted by Mesothelioma
The number 1 cause of occupational death in Canada is asbestos-related diseases.
Occupations that have the highest exposure rate include the following:
Miners, Electricians, Plumbers, Shipyard workers, Insulation workers, Demolition workers, Automotive Industry workers, Carpenters, and Painters.
Anyone Present during a building renovation.
Mesothelioma Treatments Centers in Canada
Those who are victims of asbestos exposure need to be taken to specialty medical centers if they develop asbestosis or mesothelioma. Canadian citizens can get their medical treatment through the nationalized healthcare system for free or may still to pay for private healthcare services.
Many people around the world have been impacted negatively by the use of asbestos. In Canada for example, residents and workers have been affected by prolonged exposure to asbestos in industrial workplaces and also through extensive mining industry. The country continues to resist the complete ban of asbestos and there is always a tendency that mining might start soon. The affected can seek for specialty care or compensation, but, there are likely to be more cases of mesothelioma when more people are exposed to asbestos through mining.
Mesothelioma treatments centers in Canada for patients include:
|Cross Cancer Institute at University of Alberty||Edmonton, Alberta|
|Princess Margaret Cancer Centre||Toronto, Ontario|
|Fraser Valley Cancer Centre||Surrey, British Columbia|
|Vancouver Cancer Centre||Vancouver, British Columbia|
|Centre for Southern Interior||Kelowna, British Columbia|
|Nova Scotia Cancer Centre||Halifax, Nova Scotia|
|Margaret and Charles Juravinski CC||Hamilton, Ontario|
|Toronto Western Hospital||Toronto, Ontario|
|London Regional Cancer Centre||London, Ontario|
|Ottawa Hospital Regional Cancer Centre||Ottawa, Ontario|
|McGill University Health Centre||Montreal, Quebec|
|Tom Baker Cancer Centre||Calgary, Alberta|
Treatments for mesothelioma
If you have mesothelioma, your healthcare team will create a treatment plan for you based on your health and specific information about cancer. When trying to decide treatments that will be most suitable for mesothelioma, your healthcare team will consider these:
- where the mesothelioma started
- the subtype of mesothelioma
- if it can be removed by surgery
- your overall health, and
- your personal preferences
you may be given one or more of the following treatments for mesothelioma.
Surgery can be used as a method of treating mesothelioma if it can be removed and if the patient is healthy enough to have surgery
The following types of surgery can be used for pleural mesothelioma
Extrapleural pneumonectomy removes the visceral and parietal pleura, the lung on the side where the mesothelioma started, the lymph nodes in the chest and part of the diaphragm. The sacs bordering the heart (Pericardium) may be removed too.
Pleurectomy and decortication are used to remove both parietal pleura and the visceral pleura, along with the mesothelioma. The lung is not always removed in this case.
Palliative surgeries are used to relieve symptoms such as difficulty in breathing or pains.
- Debulking surgery can be used to remove as much of the mesothelioma as possible, but not as much as a pleurectomy and decortication.
- Thoracentesis drains fluid from around the lungs.
- Pleurodesis closes the parietal and visceral pleura together so as to stop fluid building up between them.
It is usually possible to undertake surgery for people with Peritoneal mesothelioma because cancer has already spread too much for it to be completely removed. Surgery used often to relieve some of the symptoms caused by peritoneal mesothelioma.
The following type of surgery may be offered:
Debulking surgery removes all or as much mesothelioma that there is. The lining of the abdomen (peritoneum) and also the fatty layer of tissue covering the organs in the abdomen (omentum) are removed. Other tissues and organs may also be removed, such as the gallbladder, part of the bowel or appendix.
Paracentesis drains fluid that has built up in the abdomen (ascites).`A needle or tube (Catheter) is used to remove the fluid from the abdominal cavity.
Most people with mesothelioma undergo chemotherapy.
Chemotherapy as a means of treating pleural mesothelioma is used after surgery or most times as the main treatment if surgery is not possible.
The most commonly used chemotherapy drug combinations for combatting pleural mesothelioma are:
- cisplatin and pemetrexed (Alimta)
- pemetrexed and carboplatin (Paraplatin, Paraplatin AQ) – may be offered to people who have other health problems and can’t be given cisplatin
- cisplatin and gemcitabine (Gemzar)
- cisplatin and raltitrexed (Tomudex)
The most common chemotherapy drugs that are used alone to treat mesothelioma are:
- vinorelbine (Navelbine)
Chemotherapy for Peritoneal mesothelioma is given as a kind of regional therapy, that means it is put directly into the Peritoneal cavity. This is known as intraperitoneal chemotherapy.
The most commonly used chemotherapy drugs for intraperitoneal chemotherapy of peritoneal mesothelioma are:
- doxorubicin (Adriamycin)
- mitomycin (Mutamycin)
In this type of treatment, external beam radiation therapy is used to treat mesothelioma.
Radiation therapy can be used after an extrapleural pneumonectomy on the side of the chest where the lung was removed. This type of treatment is not offered after pleurectomy and decortication as the lung could be damaged in the process due to radiation.
Radiation therapy could also be used to relieve symptoms that are caused by pleural mesothelioma such as a cough or shortness of breath.
Radiation therapy is not used as the main type of treatment for peritoneal mesothelioma because the organs in the abdomen are very sensitive to radiation effects. It may be used to relieve pain and most of the advanced symptoms caused by peritoneal mesothelioma.
If you can’t have or don’t want cancer treatment
You may want to consider a type of treatment that will help you feel better without treating cancer, maybe because the cancer treatments don’t ‘work anymore, they’re not likely to improve your condition or they could cause side effects that are hard to cope up with. There may also be reasons why one cannot have or don’t want cancer treatment.
Talk to your healthcare team. They can help you choose health care and treatment for advanced cancer.
Follow-up treatment is an important part of cancer care. Here you will need to have a regular follow-up visit after the treatment is done. These visits allow your healthcare team to monitor progress and progress from treatment.
Follow-up for mesothelioma depends on the treatments you had for mesothelioma and also your overall health.