How to prepare research works

Knowing how to prepare  research work  is key during the academic period, since in many cases these are used as an evaluation method, both in secondary education and in higher education. It is also important in the workplace, where it serves to find relevant information for companies and to present it to colleagues and superiors. Therefore, it is important to acquire and consolidate a method of study and sample of the results.

The steps of a  research paper  are:

  1.  Identify the need by asking us what we want to know.
  2.  Selection, as detailed as possible, of the topic to investigate.
  3.  Documentation of previous research published on this topic.
  4.  Establishment of a schematic or detailed work plan.
  5.  Development of field work.
  6.  Writing of the research work.
  7.  Elaboration of conclusions.
  8.  Presentation of the work and communication of the conclusions.

Although the research can respond to different objectives, it is always important to keep in mind that the communication will be made to an audience that does not have to be specialized in the subject. An organizational scheme that highlights the most important points will allow to be efficient and clear.

When selecting a topic, you must consider its originality and consult how it has been treated by other research works. The documentation process is decisive. In it we can use publications, monographs, newsletters, professional journals, data banks, reports or technical projects. As for the format, the presentation can be done in writing (the most usual), but also in sound, visual or oral support.

The structure of the research work must consist of:


Introduction:  here it is indicated why the subject has been investigated and what is being sought with the research work.
Development: it  is the nucleus, the place where data, concepts and ideas are presented and contextualized. It is convenient to outline it in detail and enrich it with diagrams and infographics.
Conclusions: it  includes the theses that can be extracted in light of the data and the ideas obtained. Sometimes it is accompanied by recommendations and advice on the subject.
After the cover, which serves as the presentation of the research work and must include both the title and the name of the author, it is essential to place on the next page an index that indicates the different sections in which the document is divided.

In the final part of the research work, after the conclusions, it is necessary to reserve a space dedicated to detailing the bibliography that has been used. This has to be arranged in alphabetical order and in accordance with the general academic rules of presentation. If citations from authors or other publications have been used in the main text, you can choose to enter them at the bottom of each page or at the end of the text, in a separate section prior to the bibliography.

Regarding style, we must use a formal language, although adjusted to the person or audience that will receive it. It is advisable to write in the third person and avoid both the excessive use of quotations and ambiguous terms. It is also not advisable to use too long sentences or abbreviations. The acronyms must always be used after accompanying, the first time they appear in the text, the word or set of words they represent.