How to Make a Paper with a Good and Correct Structure
What is a paper?
According to WJS Poerwadarminta (1994), the paper is a written description that was put forward for further discussion.
The paper can also be referred to as a paper in which there are quotations from a writer that has never been published and is scientific.
Types of Papers
1. Scientific Papers
A scientific paper is a paper that discusses a problem from the results of scientific studies. The contents of this type of paper must not be based solely on subjective opinions or opinions.
2. Working Paper
This type of paper is obtained from the results of a study. Unlike scientific papers, working papers allow the author to give subjective opinions of the issues discussed.
3. Study Paper
The study paper is a paper whose contents are ways of solving a controversial problem.
4. Position Papers
Position papers are papers whose preparation is done at the request of a party, where the function of this type of paper is as an alternative solution to an existing problem.
5. Analysis Papers
As the name implies, this type of paper contains various analyzes of an objective and empirical problem.
6. Response Paper
This type of paper is the most often obtained by students / students as a task from the teacher / lecturer. The contents of this paper are the responses / reactions of the author to a problem that is happening.
Structure of Papers
After knowing the understanding and various types of papers, it’s time you start to recognize the various stages in making a paper.
However, before heading to the process of making a paper, it’s good to know in advance what the structure is to make it easier for you in the preparation later.
What are the structure of the paper?
Cover is the cover of a paper that contains the title, logo, author’s identity, and place and year of publication.
For the cover section, you should write using the center rule so that the cover looks neater.
The preface is also one part that must be in a paper.
As the name implies, the function of the preface is as an introduction so that the reader has a general view of the paper you are making.
The way of writing the foreword also varies. For more, you can see some examples of introductory words that you can use in your paper.
3. Table of contents
A table of contents is a page that contains page information from the contents of a paper.
To make it easier for readers to find certain information, you must provide a description of the page in each chapter and sub-chapter in your paper.
In the introduction, it usually consists of 3 sub-chapters namely background, problem formulation, and purpose.
The essence of a background is the answer to the questions that lead to the making of the paper, such as:
Why did you discuss the topic?
What are you doing for this research?
What makes you want to solve the problem?
The background must be written clearly and easily understood.
In addition to containing answers to a question, the background must also contain data or facts that support.
b. Formulation of the problem
In the problem formulation section, you can fill it with several questions that you will explain in the discussion section.
The question doesn’t need to be too much, just 2 to 3 questions are clear and are the result of “stripping” from the background that you wrote earlier.
As the name implies, the goal is the part that contains the purpose of the paper.
You can write goals briefly and describe clearly the benefits of making the paper.
5. Discussion / Contents
Discussion / Content is the most important part of a paper. This section describes the main points of the problem you are discussing.
Of course, the discussion in this section of the content must be in accordance with the background, problem formulation, and objectives that you have made before.
Content usually includes the theoretical basis, material description, and the solution or solution to a problem.
The closing section usually consists of sub-chapters conclusions and suggestions.
The conclusion is about a summary or summary of the results of the discussion of your paper.
To write this section, you can analyze important points in the previous sections to produce a conclusion of the problem you are discussing.
Suggestions are a section that is addressed to the reader.
Suggestions can contain the expectations of the author so that the paper made can be useful and applied by the reader.
This section contains a list of references used by the author in making papers.
The list of references used can be journals, books, or valid information from the internet.
For an example bibliography, you can see a few examples on the page for writing a bibliography .
How to make a paper
1. Determine the Discussion Theme / Topic
In making a paper, the first thing you have to do is determine the theme or topic you want to discuss.
If you get an assignment from the teacher / lecturer and the theme has been determined, then you can proceed to the next stage.
But, if not, you have to think about the theme or topic first.
This is because the selection of themes will affect the level of difficulty and the estimated time of processing the paper.
As much as possible, choose a theme that if you are mastered and have more insight into the topic.
2. Determine the Title of the Paper
After finding the theme or topic that you want to discuss, specify the title of the paper you will make,
Make a title as attractive as possible.
Besides being interesting, the title must also be clear and related to the theme you choose.
3. Collect Reference Materials
After having the theme and title, it’s time for you to collect reference materials that will support the process of preparing your paper.
You can get references from various journals, books, or articles on the internet.
Especially for articles that are on the internet, choose those whose sources are clear and accountable.
4. Write a Systematic Paper
After getting the reference material, it’s time for you to start writing your paper.
In writing a paper, it is better if you do it systematically according to the structure of the paper described above.
Starting from the introduction, focus on the contents of the paper, then close with clear conclusions.
Don’t forget, in writing a paper, you have to dwell on data or facts. In essence, you must always be objective in discussing existing problems and solutions.
5. Edit Paper
After the paper that you have made is done, do not rush to publish it. Research and correct if there are errors in the paper.
First check whether the paper you created is in accordance with the structure of the existing paper.
Also check spelling mistakes, writing, and the language you use.
After making sure everything is OK, then you can publish the paper that you created earlier.
In making a paper, a writer must pay attention to several important things to facilitate the preparation and clarify the contents of the paper.
In addition to the structure of the paper, the author must also pay attention to the grammar and reference sources used.